1. Xia JJ, Gateno J, Teichgraeber JF: A new clinical protocol to evaluate cranio-maxillofacial deformity and to plan surgical correction. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 67(10):2093, 2009
  2. Schatz EC, Xia JJ, Gateno J: Development of a technique for recording and transferring natural head position in 3 dimensions. J Craniofacial Surg 21(5):1452-1455, 2010
  3. McCormick S, Drew S: Virtual model surgery for efficient planning and surgical performance. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 69:638-644, 2011
  4. Xia JJ, McGrory JK, Gateno J: A new method to orient 3-dimensional computed tomography models to the natural head position: a clinical feasibility study. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 69(3):584–591, 2011
  5. Bell, RB: Computer planning and intraoperative navigation in orthognathic surgery. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 69:592-605, 2011
  6. Gelesko S, Markiewicz MR, Weimer K, Bell RB: Computer-aided orthognathic surgery. Atlas Oral Maxillofacial Surg Clin N Am 20:107-118, 2012
  7. Polley JW, Figueroa AA: Orthognathic positioning system: intraoperative system to transfer virtual surgical plan to operating field during orthognathics surgery. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 71: 911-920, 2013
  8. Bobek S, Farrell B, Choi C, Farrell B, Weimer K, Tucker M: Virtual surgical planning for Orthognathic surgery using digital data transfer and an intraoral fiducial marker: the charlotte method. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 73: 1143-1158, 2015.


  1. Xia JJ, Phillips CV, Gateno J, Teichgraeber JF, Christensen AM, Gliddon MJ, Lemoine JJ, Liebschner MAK. Cost-effectiveness analysis for computer-aided surgical simulation in complex cranio-maxillofacial surgery. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 64(12):1780-4, 2006
  2. Xia JJ, Gateno J, Teichgraeber JF, Christensen AM, Lasky RE, Lemoine JJ, Liebschner MAK: Accuracy of a Computer-Aided Surgical Simulation (CASS) System in the Treatment of Complex Cranio-Maxillofacial Deformities: A Pilot Study. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 65(2) 248-54, 2007
  3. Xia JJ, Sheychenko L, Gateno J, Teichgraeber JF, Taylor TD, Lasky RD, English JD, Kau CH, Mcgrory KR: Outcome of computer –aided surgical simulation in the treatment of patients with craniomaxillofacial deformities. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 69(7):2014-2024, 2011
  4. Hamilton T, Markiewicz MR, Jarman J: Dental outcomes in computer-aided orthognathic surgery. J Craniofac Surg 23(3):e223-e226, 2012.
  5. Hsu SS, Gateno J, Bell RB, Hirsch DL, Markiewicz MR, Teichgraeber JF, Zhou X, Xia JJ: Accuracy of a computer-aided surgical simulation protocol for orthognathic surgery: a prospective multicenter study. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 71:128-142, 2013
  6. Resnick CM, Dang RR, Glick SJ, Padwa BL: Accuracy of three-dimensional soft tissue prediction for le fort I osteotomy using dolphin 3d software: a pilot study. Int. J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg. 46: 289-295, 2017.
  7. Stokbro K, Aagaard E, Torkov P, Bell RB, Thygesen T: Surgical accuracy of three-dimensional virtual surgical planning: a pilot study of bimaxillary orthognathic procedures including maxillary segmentation. Int. J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg. 45: 8–18, 2016.

Case Study/Review

  1. Gateno J, Xia J, Teichgraeber JF, Rosen A: A new technique for the creation of a computerized composite skull model. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 61:222-227, 2003
  2. Gateno J, Xia J, Teichgraeber JF: The precision of computer-generated surgical splints. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 61(7):814–817, 2003
  3. Xia J, Gateno J, Teichgraeber JF: Three-dimensional computer-aided surgical simulation for maxillofacial surgery. Atlas Oral Maxillofac Surg Clinics 13:25-39, 2005
  4. Gateno J, Xia J, Teichgraeber J, Christensen A, Lemoine J, Liebschner M, Gliddon M, Briggs M: Clinical feasibility of computer-aided surgical simulation in the treatment of complex cranio-maxillofacial deformities. J Oral Maxillofac Surgery. 65: 728-734, 2007.